The most popular traditional Greek cheese with Protected Designation of Origin, which has been produced in the country from the time of Homer. It is a soft, white cheese which is aged and kept in brine for at least two months. It forms an important part of the Greek diet and is associated with the history and traditions of the Greeks. The average consumption of feta cheese in Greece is the highest in the world, estimated at approximately 12 kilograms per person.
It is made from sheep milk or its mixture with goat milk. It is slightly salty and slightly sour, and has a natural white colour. Its average composition is 56% moisture and 43% fat content. It can be consumed as a table cheese and as saganaki, while it is also commonly used in Greek salads and cheese pies.